Alaskan Malamute: FCI breed standard
FCI Standard Alaskan Malamute breed No. 243 (06/09/1999)
|PUBLICATION DATE PREVIOUS STANDARD||14.08.1996|
|CLASSIFICATION FCI||Group 5. Likes and primitive types.|
Section 1. Northern Driving
|No performance testing.|
In the photo: Alaskan Malamute
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Alaskan Malamute, one of the oldest riding huskies, a powerful, massive-built dog with a deep chest and a strong, muscular body. Malamute stands well on the pillows, and this stand gives the impression of great energy and proud posture with a raised head and attentive eyes, in which interest and curiosity. The head is wide. Ears are triangular and erect when alert. The muzzle is voluminous, only slightly decreases in width from the base to the nose. The muzzle is neither pointed nor long, but not shortened either. Thick coat with coarse protective hair of sufficient length to protect fluffy undercoat. Malamutes come in different colors. The distribution of color on the head is a hallmark. It is manifested by darkening of the head from above, the front part or the whole is whitish, or with a white groove and / or with a whitish mask. The tail is well pubescent, rests on its back and looks like a fan. Malamute should be with a rough skeleton, healthy legs, good paws, deep breasts and powerful shoulders and possess all the other physical attributes necessary for the effective performance of his work. The movements should be smooth, balanced, tireless and generally effective. It is not used as a high-speed sled dog intended for speed competitions. Malamute is difficult for strength and endurance, and any characteristic of an individual, including temperament, which impedes the achievement of this goal, should be considered as the most serious flaw.
IMPORTANT RELATIONSHIPS: The depth of the chest is approximately half the height of the dog in the shoulders, the deepest point is just between the front legs. The oblique length of the body from the protrusion of the shoulder-scapular joint to the sciatic tuber is greater than the height at the withers.
BEHAVIOR AND TEMPERAMENT: Alaskan Malamute - an affectionate, friendly dog, not monogamous. He is a loyal, devoted comrade, enjoys participating in games, but overall impresses with his nobility after reaching maturity.
HEAD: The head is wide and deep, not coarse, not shapeless, of medium length. The look is soft and indicates an affectionate character.
CRANIAL BOX: The skull is wide and moderately rounded between the ears, gradually tapering from the top and flattening to the eyes, rounded to the cheekbones. A faint hollow between the eyes. The forehead and muzzle lines show a slight ledge on a straight line connecting them.
Transition from forehead to muzzle: Shallow.
Nose: For all colors, except brown, pigmentation of the nose, lips and eyelids are black. Brown nose is allowed for dogs with brown in color. A lighter strip - “snow nose” - is acceptable.
Muzzle: Large and voluminous, equal in length to the skull, slightly decreasing in width and depth from the base to the nose.
Jaws and teeth: Jaws are wide with large teeth. Incisors converge in a scissor bite. Overshot or overshot flaws.
Cheeks: Moderately flat.
EYES: In oblique section. Eyes are brown, almond-shaped, of medium size. Blue eyes are a disqualifying vice.
Ears: Medium in size, but small relative to the head. The ears are triangular in shape and slightly rounded at the ends. They are set wide on the outer posterior margin of the skull at the level of the upper corners of the eyes, giving the ears the appearance of being raised perpendicular to the skull. Standing ears are directed slightly forward, but when the dog is at work, the ears are sometimes laid along the head. High-set ears are a flaw.
NECK: Strong, moderately arched.
BODY: Compact in structure, but not square. Without excess weight, and the skeleton is proportional to growth.
Back: Straight and gently falling to the Macloca.
Loin: Strong, muscular. The long lower back, which can weaken the back, is flawed.
Chest: Well developed.
TAIL: Set on moderately, the base continues the line of the spine. Holds on the back if the dog is not at work. It does not form a ring and is not pressed twisted to the back, it is not hairy short as the tail of a fox. Malamute tail is well pubescent and looks like a fan.
FRONT: The forelegs are coarse-boned, muscular, straight to the metacarpus when viewed from the front.
Shoulders: Moderately slanting.
Metacarpus: Short, strong, slightly sloping when viewed from the side.
HINDQUARTERS: Hind legs wide. When viewed from behind, the legs stand and move correctly, in line with the movement of the front legs, not too narrow and not very wide. Dewclaws on the hind legs are undesirable and should be removed after the birth of the puppies.
Hips and lower legs: Very muscular.
Knees: With moderate articulation angles.
Hocks: With moderate articulation, metatarsus short.
FEET: Type of snowshoe, in a lump, arched, with well-filled pads, giving density and compactness. Paws are large, fingers in a lump and arched. A protective coat grows between the fingers. The pads are thick and stiff nails short and strong.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: The movements of the Malamute are smooth, balanced and powerful. He is mobile for his growth and addition. When viewed from the side, the back shows a strong push, which is transmitted through the muscular lower back to the front. The forelimbs take a push from the hind limbs in a smooth, sweeping step. When viewed from the front and the back, the legs move in a straight line, not too narrow, not very wide. On a fast trot, the paws will approach the midline of the body. Stilt movements or any movements that are not fully effective and not tireless should be punished.
COAT: Malamute has thick, coarse integumentary hair, never long or soft. The undercoat is thick, one or two inches thick, greasy and fluffy. Coarse integumentary hair varies in length as does the undercoat. The coat is relatively shorter than the average length located on the sides of the body, the length of the coat increases around the shoulders and neck, along the back, on the croup, pants and tail. In the summer months, Malamute wool is usually shorter and less dense. Malamute is exposed in its natural form. A haircut is not permissible, except for the legs, which give a clearly defined look.
COLOR: The usual gamut of colors is from light gray through intermediate shades to black, murugi and shades of murugo to brown. Color options are acceptable in the undercoat, on the ends of the body and shorn places. Even color is allowed only completely white. Podlas is always present - a whitish color that predominates on the lower part of the body, limbs, legs and front of the head. A white mark on the forehead and / or a collar, or a speck on the scruff of the neck is attractive and acceptable. The color of the malamute is similar to that of the mantle, and the spotty colors spreading over the body or the speckles are undesirable.
GROWTH AND WEIGHT: There is a natural growth amplitude for this breed. Desired height-to-weight ratio: Males 63.5 cm and 38 kg (25 inches at the shoulders and 85 pounds).
bitches - 58.5 cm and 34 kg (23 inches at the shoulders and 75 pounds).
However, the assessment of growth should not outweigh the assessment of breed, proportionality, movements, and other functional attributes. When dogs of equal pedigree, proportions, movements are evaluated, preference is given to a dog that is closest to the desired ratio of height and weight.
When judging an Alaskan Malamute, its functionality as a sled dog for transporting goods in the Arctic should be considered above all.The degree of punishment should depend on the severity of the deviation from the description of the ideal malamute and on how the individual flaw actually affects the working qualities of the dog. The limbs of malamute must exhibit extraordinary strength and tremendous driving force. Any manifestation of ill health in the legs and feet, front or rear, in the stance or in movement, should be considered a serious flaw (vice). Defects that fall under this condition include a flat or loose paw, cow, bad metacarpus, straightened shoulders, not expressed articulation angles, stilted movements (or movements not balanced, not stable and not even), deviations from rectilinear movements, mincing step, heavy movements, poor poverty and poor overall proportions.
DEFECTS: Any deviation from the above points should be considered as a flaw or vice depending on the severity.
DISQUALIFYING DAMAGE: Blue eyes.
NOTE: Male animals must have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.