American Akita: Breed History and Origin
American Akita breed history very curious.
American Akits have a rather long history. In Japan in the 17th century there were Akita Matagi dogs that were used both for hunting large animals and for fierce dog fights.
Basically, Akit was bred in the palaces of the nobility, while they developed many rituals for feeding dogs and caring for them. Each dog had a "servant" who wore a special uniform with special decorations.
In the mid-19th century, these dogs began to cross with mastiffs and Tosa Inu, and according to some sources, also with German Great Dane, Bulldogs and St. Bernards, due to which the dogs became larger, athletically built and brave.
In 1908, dog fights were banned, and some owners began to abandon pets, simply throwing them into the streets. A terrible rabies epidemic erupted. However, in spite of everything, the breed not only survived, but continued to improve.
In 1931, the 9 best dogs received the title of “Natural Monuments”.
However, World War II nearly destroyed the breed. Dogs were used as a source of fur for uniforms of the military, the only "untouchable" breed were German shepherds, which were used in military service. To save the breed, Akita dogs were taken to the mountains and hidden there, as well as the blood of German shepherds. As a result, after the war, 3 in-breed Akit types appeared:
- Matagi Akita
- Shepherd Akita
- Fight Akita
Enthusiasts made a lot of efforts to correct this confusing situation, minimizing the influence of other breeds and restoring breed characteristics.
The US military brought many representatives of the breed to the United States. Akita proved to be smart dogs, able to easily adapt to any conditions, so they quickly began to gain popularity.
In 1952, the first association of breed lovers was registered, and in 1972 it was recognized by the AKC. However, since American and Japanese clubs did not recognize each other's pedigrees, it was impossible to include Japanese dogs in breeding. As a result, Akita bred in the United States, by 1955, began to differ greatly from their Japanese relatives. The breed standard was revised in 1965 and in 1972. Agreement with the Japanese Kennel Club on the mutual recognition of dogs was reached in 1992.
In 1999, FCI officially divided the Akita breed into two separate breeds: Akita (Akita Inu) and a large Japanese dog (American Akita).
The American Akita is endowed with good watchdog qualities; they are natural born guards. In this case, the dogs are reasonable and calm, do not show unreasonable aggression.