4 keys to conditional reinforcement. Dog Training WikiPet.ru
There are keys that will reveal to you the main secret of dog training. In the upbringing and training of dogs, conditional reinforcement occupies an important place. What is conditional reinforcement, why is it needed, what conditional reinforcement to choose and how to use it?
What is conditional reinforcement?
Reinforcement can be either unconditional or conditional.
Unconditional reinforcement is something that satisfies the dog’s natural needs (for example, food or play).
However, the main tool in dog training is conditional reinforcement.
Conditional reinforcement is a signal that in itself does not make any sense to the dog. For example, it can be a marker word (often used “Yes!”) Or a click of a clicker. But we associate it for the dog with unconditional reinforcement (after the click of the clicker, a treat is followed).
That is, conditional reinforcement is the connecting link between the actions of the dog that we like and unconditional reinforcement (tidbit).
It is important to choose the right unconditional reinforcement here and now. At some point, the most desirable thing for a dog will be food, and at some point - a ball, the opportunity to play with other dogs or chase a raven.
Why do we need conditional reinforcement?
The value of conditional reinforcement in dog training is difficult to overestimate. After all, when the dog realizes that something remarkable is sure to follow the click of a clicker, she will begin to listen and follow our actions.
The introduction of conditioned reinforcement into dog training allowed us to make a huge breakthrough, since it opens up many possibilities:
- Very accurately indicate the behavior that we need. Say the word "Yes!" or click a clicker - much faster than going into a pocket for cookies or getting a toy.
- It is easier for a dog to understand what is required of it, and for a person it is easier to explain.
- You can work with a dog at a distance. After all, while you run to the dog with a treat, she will perform a dozen more actions and will not understand at all why she was encouraged. A marker will help show exactly what you are buying.
What conditional reinforcement to use: marker word or clicker?
Everyone chooses the option of conditional reinforcement that is more convenient for him personally. Both the clicker and the word marker have their advantages.
Clicker as conditional reinforcement
Marker word as conditional reinforcement
A short, quick click, as accurately as possible indicates the desired action.
You need a breath, which means you lose a little in speed and can be late with the reinforcement of the desired action.
A click always sounds the same.
Intonations are changing. This can be either a plus or a minus - depending on the situation.
Always at the ready.
It takes some preliminary training to learn how to accurately mark the desired action.
If you use a marker word, it can be anything, but the main thing is to keep it short.
Some people prefer to choose a word that is not used in everyday life so as not to embarrass the dog, but this item is not required.
How to use conditional reinforcement in dog training?
The technique for using conditional reinforcement in dog training is simple:
- Watch the dog or tell me what you are waiting for.
- Mark the desired action with a marker.
- Reinforce - Meet your dog’s urgent need.
If you understand what your dog needs, then you will choose the right promotion, which means you can interest a four-legged friend and instill in him a love of activities.
It is very important at the initial stage of training to reinforce the correct actions with an important encouragement for the dog each time!
After all, for a dog, until she gets a taste, a treat or a toy is significant, and not some kind of click. Yes, and for experienced students, conditional reinforcement without unconditional after some time ceases to be significant. So do not skimp on the promotion.