History of the Collie Longhair and Origin
It is already difficult to establish who was the ancestor of the long-haired collie, but it is known for certain that these dogs spread around the world from the UK. Therefore, it can be assumed that collies are descendants of the ancient English shepherd dogs. At that time, selection was carried out exclusively by working qualities, appearance did not play any role.
On the photo: collie dog long-haired
There is a version that the name comes from the Anglo-Saxon “stake” (“black”), since dogs grazed black-faced sheep, widespread in Scotland.
The history of the collie longhair breed has several centuries. In any case, already at the end of the 18th century. the breed was known as a collie. However, later they tried to rush blood of other breeds: the Scottish and Irish setter, a greyhound. The experiments were not very successful.
Since 1895, pedigree books began to contain a section devoted to long-haired collies. But even before that, dogs participated in exhibitions. A large role in the formation of the breed belongs to the founder of the dog club Mr. Shirley.
Long-haired collies became more and more popular. The time before the outbreak of World War I became their finest hour - modest shepherds turned into high-class, salon dogs. This was largely contributed to the interest in the breed by Queen Victoria. Prices for long-haired collies soared to astronomical heights.
During the war, representatives of the breed established themselves as service dogs. They performed the duties of orderlies, liaisons and sappers.
Long-haired collies were appreciated not only for their beauty, but also for their charming character and excellent working qualities. Millions of viewers have fallen in love with Lassie - a model of intelligence, nobility, beauty and devotion. And the collies are again experiencing a worldwide surge in popularity.
It got to the point that dog breeding turned into a nightmare. Unscrupulous breeders put profit in the first place, as a result, not the best dogs began to appear. This somewhat cooled interest in the breed. But over time, supply and demand balanced, and true lovers were able to engage in thoughtful, focused breeding.
Now, long-haired collies are popular all over the world, first of all, as excellent companions: smart, loyal, friendly.